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How It's Made

How it’s Made

From Sheep to Suit is a long and complex process. Each stage is carried out by expert craftsmen...here are the basics:

Shearing

Sheep are shorn in spring or summer, with skilled shearers collecting up to 3000 fleeces each day.

Classing

The fleece is classified according to Micron, Length, Strength and Elasticity

Baling

The Fleece is packed into bales, weighed, certified and ready for sale.

Scouring

At this stage the Fleece is greasy, dirty and smelly! It’s washed or ‘scoured’ in huge vats.

Carding

Opens up the matted raw fleece and creates a web of fibers or “sliver.”

Combing

Gets rid of short woollen fibres and leaves long, smooth uniform Worsted ‘Tops’.

Top dyeing

The un-spun fibres can by dyed at this stage, or go straight to spinning.

Drafting

Teases out the ‘tops’ so they are thin, uniform and ready to spin into yarn

Spinning

The fibres are spun together to create a thin, smooth length of yarn.

Twisting

2 or more Yarns may be twisted together to give extra strength & stability or for colour effects.

Yarn Dyeing

‘Greige’ or un-dyed yarn can be coloured at this stage.

Warping

Vertical ‘warp’ yarns are laid out on the loom according to the designers’ instructions.

Weaving

Horizontal ‘weft’ yarns are woven across the Warp to produce the final fabric.

Mending

Cloth is inspected and any small faults are fixed by hand. This can take between 2 and 40 hours.

Finishing

At this stage the cloth is greasy, stiff and needs to be washed and treated to give the desired finish.

Scouring

The first stage of Finishing. Cloth is simply washed with Pennine Water and Natural Soap.

Milling

A shrinking process that interlocks the fibres of the cloth to give a matted texture, such as Flannel or Felt.

Cropping

Removes excess surface fibres improving the look and performance of a fabric.

Perching

The finished cloth is draped over the ‘perch’ table and inspected again for any miniscule faults.

Then it’s off to our warehouse awaiting your order!

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